Polysomnography Test in Pune
Dr. Sneha Tirpude - Consultant Pulmonologist
Polysomnography test helps diagnose sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy, and insomnia. After clinically assessing risk of sleep disorder this test is advised. Commonly done for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) where the airway gets collapsed in sleep leading to decrease in oxygen and hence breathlessness.
Polysomnography tests are usually conducted in a sleep lab or clinic where patients are monitored while they sleep. Polysomnography is a non-invasive procedure that involves monitoring the patient’s brain waves, eye movements, heart rate, breathing patterns, and other physiological functions during sleep.
Before the test, patients are required to follow some guidelines, including avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and they may be asked to stay awake the night before the test to help induce sleep during the study. During the test, the patient is connected to various sensors that measure their brain activity, heart rate, breathing, and oxygen levels. The sensors are attached to the patient’s scalp, chest, face, and limbs.
The results of the test provide the doctor with information about the patient’s sleep patterns, including how long they sleep, how long they spend in each sleep stage, and during night how many times they wake up.
The test results can help doctors diagnose sleep disorders and develop appropriate treatment plans. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, medication, or the use of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine, which helps keep the airways open during sleep.
Sleep study or polysomnography can be conducted either in hospital or at home. Dr. Sneha Tirpude is a Pulmonologist, and Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Specialist and has an experience of 10+ years in these fields.